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  2. Add PressThis to your browser. It creates a new blog post for you about any interesting  page you read on the web.
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Solo House Casa Pezo / Pezo Von Ellrichshausen Architects


Courtesy of Pezo Von Ellrichshausen Architects
Solo House Casa Pezo is part of the Solo Houses concept, series of eight to ten vacation homes designed by some of the talented young international designers. Pezo Von Ellrichshausen ArchitectsMos Office, Didier Faustino and his studioMésarchitecturesSou FujimotoStudio Mumbai, and TNA – Takei-Nabeshima-Architects are among the architects designing the 200 sqm size homes, with the first collection to be set in the countryside of Matarraña.
Solo Houses is a similar concept to Living Architecture. Set up as a new social enterprise to revolutionise both architecture and UK holiday rentals, Living Architecture commissioned Peter ZumthorMichael & Patty HopkinsNORDJarmund/Vigsnæs Architects & MVRDV to each design homes. Many of these have been featured on ArchDaily including MVRDV’s unforgettable Balancing Barn.
Follow the break for drawings and renderings of Solo House Casa Pezo by Pezo Von Ellrichshausen Architects.
Architects: Pezo Von Ellrichshausen Architects
Location: Polygon 13, Parcel 245, Cretas, Teruel Province, 
Architects: Mauricio Pezo, Sofia von Ellrichshausen
Associated Architects: Alberto Haering, Gonzalo Urbizu
Collaborators: Diogo Porto, Bernhard Maurer Valeria Farfan, Eleonora Bassi, Ana Franzisca Freese
Client: Christian Bourdais
Project Area: 313 sqm
Project Year: 2009-2011
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M3/KG / Mount Fuji Architects Studio

© Ryota Atarashi


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Who would want to be an architecture student?

October 15, 2009

Who would want to be an architecture student?

Bad pay, few jobs and an uncertain future? Who’d want to be an architecture student in the current climate?

Emma Tubbs is crouched on scuffed lino in a bleached-white corridor outside her tutor’s office. She’s not alone. The corridor is crammed with students, each hugging work bound in portfolios, or complicated squiggles on cardboard purporting to be the future of architecture. It’s freshers’ week at the Bartlett School of Architecture at University College London.
For architecture students up and down the country freshers’ week is rather more tense than for other undergraduates. They are not just coping with normal fresher stuff — making their own bed and learning how to neck pints in ten seconds. In most architecture faculties students and tutors alike have to submit to the gruelling process of hustings — like Dragons’ Den, only here the dragons get frightened too.
The previous day, sets of tutors competed for students in a series of 20-minute pitches delivered in the lecture hall. Now the students compete for places with the tutors in a string of interviews over 48 hours. Tubbs is about to have hers. “I’m a little frantic, you could say that, yes,” she laughs. “I really want this tutor.” “It can end in tears,” says Nic Clear, the Bartlett’s director of fourth and fifth-year students. “I mean for the tutors. They worry about it all summer. What if no student picks them?”
This new bunch of architecture students, though, has added reasons to be worried. The recession has decimated the construction industry. Unemployment among architects has risen more than in any other profession. Architectural firms are in the red. Even Norman Foster’s fêted company has had its losses double in a year, from £8.5 million to £16.1 million — and that after laying off 400 staff. Fifteen years ago I graduated from the Bartlett during another recession. That was bad enough. This one, though, is a lot worse.
To cap it all, Britain is producing more architecture graduates than ever — more, some say, than the construction industry actually needs. A decade ago Britain’s universities were churning out 1,000 a year. Now it’s 1,400. The Bartlett alone attracts 1,800 applicants for 90 places. Five new architectural schools have opened in the past decade. And, after seven years of training and tens of thousands of pounds in debt, the average graduate is competing with hundreds of others for not many jobs. “What I find most insulting,” says Tubbs, a fourth-year student, “is that after all that training I’ve got friends who are starting on salaries of under 20 grand.”
David Melia, queueing next to her, joins the chorus of disapproval. “You go to parties and people say, ‘Oh, you’re an architect, you must earn loads of money.’ Er, no.”
Average salaries for architects are about £40,000 — £70,000 less than doctors or dentists. “You don’t go into architecture for money, stability and a job for life,” Tubbs says cheerily. Laura Allen, who runs the bachelor course, puts it another way: “Architecture’s still dominated by the well-off, the privately educated.”
So, what do you go into architecture for? Iain Borden, the head at Bartlett, puts much of the rise down to the Grand Designs factor. “Architecture is much more visible nowadays,” he says. “It’s on the TV. Icon projects are a factor. Students see them on adverts or on holiday. People such as Norman Foster are household names.”
Allen agrees. “We get students at 18 who all like Foster and the Guggenheim in Bilbao and Santiago Calatrava. Architecture is a bit cool. But it’s also a career, so the parents like it too. Everyone’s happy.”
The students I meet prove the point. Thanks to a more box-ticking, exam-orientated system — and the prospect of debt — they’re far more focused than my generation was. Even 18-year-olds here talk about the “edge” a Bartlett degree will give them in the jobs market. “I enjoyed art at school, but I wouldn’t want to be an artist,” says Alexander Holloway, a confident third-year. “The art market is flooded. Here you get to see a tutor every week. Some places you see them once a term. After all, we’re paying for the education.”
“Architecture students aren’t like other students,” Allen says. “They’ve always worked a damned sight harder. You won’t find them living up to the student stereotype. “Hundred-hour weeks are quite normal,” Allen says. “Flatmates never get to see them. They’re strangers in their own home because they’re here working till dawn day after day.”
It has to be like that, she adds. “Architecture is an immensely broad subject. It straddles arts and sciences. You have to learn the past 200 years of knowledge about building, cities, landscapes, sociology. And you have to have designed — and come up with the brief and the site for — five or six buildings by the time you leave, right down to the smallest detail. And then you’ve got to learn actually how to be an architect — the law, the business, the contracts, running a team. You just can’t do it in less than seven intense years.”
On the plus side it fosters resilience. On the minus, architects live in a world hermetically sealed from the rest of us. “Architects marry other architects,” Allen says. Arrogance — as with the medical profession — is all about. What gets them through it, the students say, is the camaraderie of the unit system — the whole point of this week’s hustings. The system, by which students are divided into “units” of 15 or so, run by a couple of architects, was introduced in the early 1970s by the private Architectural Association school, in part to mimic the centuries-old atelier apprenticeship system. The reason hustings are so feverish is because which tutor, and student, you end up with matters. “Your unit will be your life for the next few years,” Clear says. “You work with them, you go drinking with them, you stay up designing night after night with them and, when you graduate, you’ll often end up in a job with them.”
“Units are a bit like football teams,” Borden explains. “They’re all playing the same game — but each plays it differently. And you can be on only one side. Loyalty matters. It’s intensely competitive.”
Each unit has a different take on architecture, just as each architecture school has a different ethos. Some schools, such as the one at the University of Bath, are big on engineering and practical skills. Others, such as the one at the University of Cambridge, are sticklers for architectural history. And the Bartlett? “They do the crazy stuff,” says David Melia, a fourth-year student. “But that’s why people like me come here. For the creativity.” Clear puts it more diplomatically: “We like to encourage students to go off at tangents, to question things.”
Some blame the Bartlett’s reputation for pushing creativity for the rise in iconic architecture obsessed with original forms. Out in the “real world” building contractors, developers, even some architectural firms, often accuse architecture schools of nurturing creativity over practical skills. Sit in on the hustings and you see where they’re coming from. One unit will design an “embassy for cyborgs”, another a toy factory that questions consumerism. Clear’s own unit teaches film-making, heavy on J. G. Ballardian dystopias.
These, Clear admits, are at the “esoteric end”. But all the Bartlett’s units are defiantly experimental. Last year’s work is on show in the entrance hall. There are animated films encapsulating the notion of uncanny space, sophisticated computer drawings “made of complex algorithms that blur and intensify space”. Incredible work. But nothing you or I would recognise as a bona fide building with a front door and a roof. Leave the future to Bartlett students and we’ll all be living in car-crash spaces that occasionally come into focus as giant mechanised spindly crustacea. But “you’ve got to teach them how to think about space first and foremost,” Clear says. “Under what might look like the most far-out project real-life themes are there.”
Themes such as the “grand challenges” that underpin every course — health, sustainability, intercultural interaction and wellbeing. The architecture degree also has to comply with subject areas laid down by the Royal Institute of British Architects and the Architects Registration Board . But each school can determine exactly how that’s done. “And think what else we teach them,” Clear says. “Software skills, computer design, imagination, how to conjure up from nothing a building with integrity.” If it were left to architectural practices alone to train architects, Borden says, “nobody would learn about the Italian Renaissance, just how to put together tender packages.”
You do wonder, though, about this year’s graduates. The Bartlett’s have fared better than most. This is, after all, the Oxbridge of architecture, though many end up nowhere near architecture. Some of Clear’s graduates now make promo films for Björk and Audi. Two from the experimental Unit 14, Harry Parr and Sam Bompas, make architectural jellies for A-list clients. “We teach students to be flexible, and optimistic,” Clear says. “I bet you architects have a low suicide rate. There’s always the next project.”
So what’s the point? I’ll leave you with a third-year, Alexander Holloway: “At the end you think, ‘Yeah I did achieve something, I created something. And it’s all mine.’ What a feeling.”
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来源: 陈云秋的日志

3月22日,Home Office发布PSW将于2012年4月取消,以下的信息,应该是今年四月的一个更新,一直到明年4月之前有效。

第8页 46项
Tier 1(Post-Study Work)是专门为了留下大部分英国高校毕业的国际学生而设立的签证。同时它的存在还增加了英国对国际学生提供的机会。成功申请人可在Tier 1签证期内寻找工作,不受需要公司担保人的限制。这个签证为高技术工作提供了一个人才桥梁。
Tier 1(Post-Study Work)成功申请人将收到一次性的两年居住签证,结束后将不能继续申请。如果你已经取得过participant in the International Graduates Scheme, or predecessor, the Science and Engineering Graduates Scheme, or as a participant in the Fresh Talent: Working in Scotland Scheme将不能申请PSW。
l  在英国以外地区申请PSW签证入境英国,如果没有签证将被拒绝入境
l  现已在英国持有学生签证转PSW签证
l      学生
l      学生护士
l      需要重考的学生
l      正在写毕业论文的学生
l      Tier 4 Migrant
l      医生或牙医硕士
(a)    没申请过公共基金
(b)   警察局注册过
(c)    没有医生或牙医培训的工作,除非……(如果相关到你,具体请看原文件)
l        75分的符合条件
l        10分的语言能力
l        10分的经济资金
  1.      申请人必须 – 20分
(a)      持有英国认可教育机构的本科或研究生学位
(b)     持有英国教育研究生证书 (PGCE) 或者Professional Graduate Diploma of Education (PGDE) or
(c)      持有苏格兰机构的Higher National Diploma (HND)
2.    申请人毕业证书必须来自英国认可的教育机构,或者持有学生签证担保许可证 – 20分
3.  申请人在英国学习的时间是在给于的签证时间之内 – 20分
4.  申请人申请PSW签证是在毕业后的12个月之内 – 15分
5.   PSW申请人如果以上75分都以达到,就可以获得语言分数 – 10分
6.  在英国境内申请PSW,需提供800镑银行证明;国外申请PSW,需提供2800镑银行证明 
1. 毕业证书原件写有申请人姓名,学位类型和颁发学位机构名称
2. 在英国居住记录,需要护照原件和签证,学校原信件写有申请人的名字,学位类型,申请人学习开始和结束时间
3. 三月银行账单证明有足够资金,境内800镑,境外2800镑
同学们可以自己检测一下够不够分数:点击这里开始测试,选择Highly Skilled Work一项再选PSW,我真的觉得次的PSW得分变简单了!连学校都不用选了。
Work rights

Students at universities and publicly funded further education colleges will retain current work rights but all other students will have no right to work

Restrictions will be placed on work placements at courses outside of universities

The “post study work route”, which allowed students two years to seek employment after their course ended has been closed

Only those graduates who have an offer of a skilled job from a sponsoring employer, in Tier 2 of the points-based-system, will be able to stay to work

Meanwhile, only postgraduate students at universities and government sponsored students to be will be able to bring their family members with them

At the moment all students on longer courses are able to bring dependants

And the overall time that can be spent on a student visa will be limited to three years at lower levels, as now, and five years at higher levels. There is currently no limit for study at or above degree level
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InBetween House / Koji Tsutsui Architect & Associates

Inbetween House / Koji Tsutsui Architect & Associates © Iwan Baan

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